ShapeBots: Shape-changing Swarm Robots

Ryo Suzuki , Clement Zheng , Yasuaki Kakehi , Tom Yeh , Ellen Yi-Luen Do , Mark D. Gross , Daniel Leithinger



We introduce shape-changing swarm robots. A swarm of self-transformable robots can both individually and collectively change their configuration to display information, actuate objects, act as tangible controllers, visualize data, and provide physical affordances. ShapeBots is a concept prototype of shape-changing swarm robots. Each robot can change its shape by leveraging small linear actuators that are thin (2.5 cm) and highly extendable (up to 20cm) in both horizontal and vertical directions. The modular design of each actuator enables various shapes and geometries of self-transformation. We illustrate potential application scenarios and discuss how this type of interface opens up possibilities for the future of ubiquitous and distributed shape-changing interfaces.

Keywords:  Swarm User InterfacesShape Changing User Interfaces


Ryo Suzuki, Clement Zheng, Yasuaki Kakehi, Tom Yeh, Ellen Yi-Luen Do, Mark D. Gross, Daniel LeithingerShapeBots: Shape-changing Swarm RobotsIn Proceedings of the Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology (UIST '19)ACM, New York, NY, USA  Page: 1-13.  DOI: